Historical Review

The Mechanical Department was founded according to a law issued in 1927. It was meant to be at the highest level of the most advanced technical institutes in Europe at that time. It was one of four departments of the “Royal school of Engineering”, namely; The Civil Engineering Department, The Architectural Department, The Mechanical Department and the Department of Industrial Chemistry. At the beginning, the Mechanical Department had two branches: Mechanical and Electrical.

In 1928, a laboratory (named the “Heat Laboratory”) was established to perform the experiments and tests on heat engines. This laboratory was completed in 1931. It was designed to be equivalent to the most up-to-date European establishments at that time. It was equipped with all advanced and different machinery and instruments for training the students of the Mechanical Department. Along the years, that laboratory played an important role in mechanical engineering education. It is still doing the same role through continuous improvements and by providing it with the most up-to-date training machinery and instruments.

It was realized that the education of mechanical and electrical engineering students requires, in addition to theoretical and practical studies, manual training on production technologies and knowledge of workshop and factory operating systems. Therefore, a special workshop was established in 1931 within the premises of the Royal School of Engineering.  It was equipped with the latest machinery and tools for training the students during exercise hours or summer vacation under staff supervision. This workshop was completed and training started in 1932.

In 1934, the Bachelor Degree in Mechanical Engineering replaced the old engineering diploma. The mechanical department developed rapidly along the years and separated-off the electrical branch. New modern subjects were continuously added to its curricula. The study extended to span many different fields of specialization. Special interest was given to power generation and different forms of energy. This has led to the establishment of a separate specialized department under the name of Mechanical Power Engineering Department in 1963. Now, the study in the first and second years is common in  “Mechanical Engineering.” In the third and fourth years, the mechanical engineering students select between “the  Mechanical Power Engineering Department” or “the Mechanical Design and Production Department”.

MPE Program Aims

Undergraduate academic program in MPE department awards B.Sc. degree in Mech. Power Engineering. MPE program aims to qualify students to understand the design and operation of mech. power &energy transfer systems, transport of heat, mass, momentum & energy in various operations and processes in electric power plants, air-conditioning & refrigeration systems. Program aims also to familiarize students with economics and automatic control of such systems.

By the completion of the MPE program of study, the graduate will be capable to:

– Design, develop, operate and also to maintain various types of mechanical power generation, energy transfer equipments and air-conditioning & refrigeration systems in addition to the automatic control devices involved in all such systems.

– Develop methods and implement practical solutions for various technological and economic problems.

– Design, develop, operate, and maintain all safety control and fire protection systems for mechanical power equipment.

– Design, develop, operate, and maintain liquid, vapor and gas network piping and ducting systems and involved equipment.

– Design, develop, operate, and maintain all types of devices used for reducing the pollutant emissions from different mechanical power and combustion systems.

– Design, develop, and operate all needed maintenance techniques and to get performance upgrade of combustion equipment, turbo-machinery, refrigeration, and air-conditioning systems.

– Calculate mass, momentum, heat balance and find operating performance & efficiency parameters.

– Size and design devices and draw various layouts for mechanical power & energy transfer facilities.

– Identify all aspects of the issues of environmental pollution problems concerning emissions of power generation, wastewater and air pollution. Design, develop and implement the appropriate practical corresponding solutions.

– Plan, design and execute research work, evaluate outcomes and draw conclusions.

– Communicate effectively using all types of written, verbal and graphical forms

MPE Program Vision

To become one of the most important programs for progress and growth of the nation, especially in current period. And to become as one of the mainstays of the industrial renaissance in the field of mechanical power engineering and is to provide for education, research and community services in Egypt and also in the Arab region.

MPE Program Mission

Is to serve the Egyptian society and the neighboring Arab and African countries by disseminating and developing technical information aimed at improving engineering and managerial skills in mech. power engineering, maintenance, logistics,  engineering management of economics of power generation and transportation. The mission is to also to support air and ground transport and planners, power generation managers and planners for future expansion and challenges. The program aims to provide a comprehensive maintenance and managerial background for engineering students needs of  local and regional institutes dealing with design, selection, installing, operation, and maintenance of internal combustion engines, pumps, compressors, power plants, air-conditioning and refrigeration, gas and oil pipe lines, and to prepare students for broad & dynamic career paths. MPE program will continuously improve the quality of mechanical engineer as well as meeting International Academic Reference Standards.

MPE Program Objectives

MPE program aims at graduating students who:

1. Have strong foundation of basic sciences, mathematics and engineering fundamentals and logical thinking and are able and capable to apply this knowledge and science to analyze and solve various engineering problems.

2. Understand ethical issues associated with MPE profession.

3. Have acquired strong theoretical and practical knowledge related to Mechanical and Mechanical Power Engineering.

4. Have acquired design competencies that include the integration of various mechanical topics.

5. Are proficient in the latest technological tools necessary for Mechanical Power Engineering practice.

6. Have good communication skills.

7. Can work effectively as members of a team.

8. Have acquired the generic skills needed to function in the multi-disciplinary, diverse, competitive and the fast-changing engineering environment.

9.  Have developed abilities for critical thinking and life-long learning and are capable of updating their technical knowledge while working as professional engineers.

Target of Mechanical Power Engineering Department

1. Preparing graduates capable of working in the field of design, implementation and operation of mechanical systems and business planning and organizational associated with them.

2. Prepare graduates capable of working in the field of planning, maintenance, and management and analysis of mechanical accidents and mechanical applications in the transportation, and aviation service companies, power plants, oil companies, and domestic service authorities.

3. Development of skills in the application of science and engineering sensing dimension in development projects in the fields of urban planning, agriculture, water and the spread of pollution in the atmosphere.

4. Develop the skills to examine the technical proposals and feasibility studies and do the exercise works procurement of mechanical systems.

5. Development of professional skills and mentality to fit into recent developments in the debate and to contribute to the excellence in domestic labor market on both regional and international levels.

 Job opportunities of Mechanical engineer

– All types of Power stations and petrochemical plants.

– Processing or user industries.

– Management in industries.

– Establishments which are concerned with cars, ships, energy generation or aerospace, refrigeration and air conditioning.

– Safety and environmental concerns.

– Research and development Institutes.

Basic Fields of Specialization

Students select a specific engineering specialization through studying some elective-specialized courses and by selecting the subject of their final graduation project. These courses direct the student to one of the following fields:

• Thermodynamic sciences (Thermodynamics & Combustion)

• Heat transfer and equipment in power station and industry

• Fluid mechanics and turbo machinery.

  In addition to these basic fields, the teaching and research in the Mechanical Power Engineering Department encompass other subsidiary fields. Some of which have attracted worldwide attention such as:

• Utilization of new and renewable energy sources

• Refrigeration and air conditioning

• Energy conservation techniques

• Water desalination

• Environmental engineering

• Automatic control of mechanical power and energy systems

  The list is continuously expanding in response to industrial needs and interests.


 In addition to lectures and exercise sections, students attend many experimental laboratory periods. There are several main undergraduate laboratories:

– The “Heat Laboratory” which includes different types of heat engines, boiler, steam turbine and many equipment for heat and mass transfer and for air conditioning and refrigeration.

– The “Fuels and Lubricating Oils Lab.” which deals with measuring Oil working and thermal properties.

– The “Measurement and Calibration Instrumentations Lab.” which deals with all fine measurement devices.

– The “Fluid Mechanics Laboratory” which deals with all types of fluid flow and gas dynamics and turbo-machinery equipment.

– The “Automatic Control Lab.” and the New ACC Lab which deal with automatic control processes in mechanical power systems.

 The department has its own workshop for maintenance of laboratory equipment and manufacturing of new experimental and research setups for postgraduate students. The following laboratories serve the postgraduate studies:

• Heat transfer lab.

• Turbo machinery and gas dynamics lab.

• Reciprocating internal combustion engines lab.

• Continuous combustion lab.

• Combustion dynamics lab.

• Hydraulic machines lab.

• Fine measurements lab.

• Solar energy lab.

• Air pollution and environmental protection lab.

• Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Laboratory

Department Library

The department has its own library which includes many recent books and periodicals on relevant subjects and many M.Sc. and Ph.D. theses.

Postgraduate Studies in the department

The department offers a two-year diploma in the following fields:

– General diploma in mechanical power engineering

– Design of pipelines

– Combustion and internal combustion engines

– Refrigeration and air-conditioning

– Power plants and steam engineering

The department also offers courses and thesis-type program of studies for the M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical power engineering in the following fields:

•Thermal sciences (Thermodynamics and Combustion)

•Heat transfer and equipment in power station and industry

•Fluid mechanics and turbo machinery

Department Activities

In addition to teaching for both under & postgraduate students, the department staff participate in many consultation and design projects, publication of articles, research papers and specialized scientific books. The department hosted and organized many seminars & training practical courses in several fields which are of interest for working engineers from industry and power generation sector. The department has been organizing the International Conference for Fluid Mechanics since 1990.

The department staff participates in management and supervising many Specialized Engineering Centers and Units which serve directly the development needs and help in solving the technical problems facing the national industry. Among such Centers are: “The Energy Research Center E.R.C.”, the “Center of Studies and Training in Mechanical Power Engineering,” and the services and consultations sector of “Fine Measurements and Calibration Lab.”

Staff Members :

The Department Staff council is headed by Prof. Dr. Ashraf Saad ElDin Sabry

There are 63 staff members (31 professors, 9 associate professors and 23 assistant professors) and there are also 31 teaching assistants.

Information about staff members of Mechanical Power Engineering Department

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